Premiered nearly 200 years ago, Beethoven’s 9th symphony revolutionized music with its vast structure and introduction of voices to call for peace and human unity. This class will place the great piece in the context of Beethoven’s life and time, show some of its innovations, and discuss its influence, both on composers and on listeners.  You will hear excerpts from well-known performances, including Leonard Bernstein’s 1989 performance in Berlin at the fallen Wall celebrating freedom.